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Instruction for Authors


Thank you for considering JRHS to submit your manuscript. Please, review the instruction and follow the guidelines as close as possible for the fast reviewing process.


Manuscript Types


General Layout

  • Word limit: Strongly recommend to less than 4,000 words excluding abstract and references. (tables and figures are counted as 100 words each)

  • Word Processing: Microsoft Word (docx, doc, and pdf format)

  • Paper format: Letter size

  • Margin: 1 inch all around

  • Paper format: Letter size 

  • Add line numbers

  • Headings: Times New Roman, bold 10, align left

  • Content: Times New Roman, regular 10

  • Space: single space after a period.

    • First-line indentation: 0.25 inch

    • Double return after headings

  • Table: Tables should be on the proper position in the manuscript and the title of each table should be directly above the table. Use Arabic numbers such as Table 1, Table 2, etc.

  • Figure:  High-quality figures should be on the proper position in the manuscript and the title of each figure should be directly below the figure. Use Arabic numbers such as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.

Title Page

  • Title: bold 14

  • Author(s): bold 11, an asterisk (*) on the corresponding author (Author, A., Author, B., and Author, C.  )

  • Affiliation and Address of Author(s): time new roman, plain font 10         

 Author, A.

 Author, B.

 Author, C.

  • *Corresponding author: Times New Roman 10, email

  • Abstract

    • Times New Roman 10

    • Single Space

    • 150 - 250 words​

  • Keywords: Times New Roman Italic 10, 3 - 7 keywords


JRHS follows the APA style. When APA and the below recommendations are not aligned, follow the JRHS style as shown below.


Cite in-text references

  • one author: (last name, year)

  • two authors: (first author last name and second author last name, year) 

  • three or more authors: (first author last name et al., year)

  • John Doe (year) showed that

  • Short direct quotation

    • According to John (year), “short direct quotation” (page in the format of p. #)

    • “short direct quotation” (Author, year, page in the format of p. #)

    • When the reference does not contain pages, do not include the page number.

    • Long quotation (more than 40 words or a free-standing block)

      • ½ inch indentation from the left margin.

      • Justified alignment.

      • Need a signal phrase with citation right before the quotation and add page number in the format of (p. #)

      • When the reference does not have a page, do not include the page number.​

In References

  • Single space between the references​

  • Periodicals

Articles in print/electronic Journal

Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. (Year). Title of the article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. (include DIO or URL if applicable)


Denny, H., Nordlof, J., & Salem, L. (2018). "Tell me exactly what it was that I was doing that was so bad": Understanding the needs and expectations of working-class students in writing centers. Writing Center Journal, 37(1), 67–98.

More than 3 authors:

Evans, D. A., et al. (2000). Application of Complex Aldol Reactions to the Total Synthesis of Phorboxazole B. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 122(41), 10033–10046. 

​​​Article in a Magazine/Newspaper

Peterzell, J. (1990, April). Better late than never. Time, 135(17), 20–21.

Schultz, S. (2005, December). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. The Country Today, 1A, 2A.



Baumeister, R. F. (1993). Exposing the self-knowledge myth [Review of the book The self-knower: A hero under control,

by R. A. Wicklund & M. Eckert]. Contemporary Psychology, 38(5), 466–467.

  • Books

Basic Format

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name. DOI (if applicable)


Stoneman, R. (2008). Alexander the Great: A life in legend. Yale University Press.


Edited Book (No Author)

Editor, E. E. (Ed.). (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher. DOI (if applicable)


Leitch, M. G., & Rushton, C. J. (Eds.). (2019). A new companion to Malory. D. S. Brewer.


Edited Book with Author(s)

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (E. Editor, Ed.). Publisher. DOI (if applicable)


Malory, T. (2017). Le morte darthur (P. J. C. Field, Ed.). D. S. Brewer. (Original work published 1469-70)


Edition other than the First

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (# edition). Publisher. DOI (if applicable)


Belcher, W. (2019). Writing your journal article in twelve weeks: A guide to academic publishing success (2nd ed.). University of Chicago Press.


Article or Chapter in an Edited Book

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In E. E. Editor & F. F. Editor (Eds.), Title of work:

Capital letter also for subtitle (pp. pages of chapter). Publisher. DOI (if applicable)

Armstrong, D. (2019). Malory and character. In M. G. Leitch & C. J. Rushton (Eds.), A new companion to Malory (pp. 144-163). D. S. Brewer.


Group Author

Merriam-Webster. (2008). Braggadocio. In Merriam-Webster’s Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary. Merriam-Webster.


Bureau of International Organization Affairs. (2018). U.S. contributions to international organizations, 2017 [Annual report]. U.S. Department of State.


Unknown Author

Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2003). Merriam-Webster.


  • Conference Proceedings

Lastname, F. M., & Lastname, F. M. (Eds.). (Year). Title of Proceedings. Publisher. URL (if applicable)


Huang, S., Pierce, R., & Stamey, J. (Eds.). (2006). Proceedings of the 24th annual ACM international conference on the design of communication. ACM Digital Library.


  • Federal or State Statute

Name of Act, Public Law No. (Year). URL


The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Publ. L. No. 111-148, 124 Stat. 119 (2010).


  • Report by a Government or Organization

Organization Name. (Year). Title of report. URL


United States Government Accountability Office. (2019). Performance and accountability report: Fiscal year 2019.


  • Thesis

Lastname, F. M. (Year). Title of dissertation/thesis (Publication No.) [Doctoral dissertation/Master’s thesis, Name of Institution Awarding the Degree]. Database or Archive Name.


Angeli, E. L. (2012). Networks of communication in emergency medical services (Publication No. 3544643) [Doctoral dissertation, Purdue University]. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.


  • Patents

Diamond, G., Murphy, V., Margarete, L., Goh, C., Keith, H., Marie, L., … Lund, C. (2001). US 20020002257A1. Santa Clara, CA: Symyx Technologies.​


  • Web Page 


With Author(s)

Lastname, F. M. (Year, Month Date). Title of page. Site name. URL

Price, D. (2018, March 23). Laziness does not exist. Medium.


Group Author

Group name. (Year, Month Date). Title of page. Site name. URL

American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. (2019, November 21). Justice served: Case closed for over 40 dogfighting victims. ASPCA.


No Author(s)

Title of page. (Year, Month Date). Site name. Retrieved Month Date, Year, from URL

Tuscan white bean pasta. (2018, February 25). Budgetbytes. Retrieved March 18, 2020, from


No Published Date

Author or Group name. (n.d.). Title of page. Site name (if applicable). URL

National Alliance on Mental Illness. (n.d.). Mental health conditions.

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